- 1 What is the geographic location of Sri Lanka?
- 2 What is the geographical features of Sri Lanka?
- 3 How the location of Sri Lanka influences the climate?
- 4 How many zones are there in Sri Lanka?
- 5 What was old name of Sri Lanka?
- 6 Which type of island is Sri Lanka?
- 7 Why Sri Lanka is not part of India?
- 8 What is special about Sri Lanka?
- 9 What is the ethnic composition of Sri Lanka in points?
- 10 What is the coolest place in Sri Lanka?
- 11 Does it get cold in Sri Lanka?
- 12 What is the coldest place in Sri Lanka?
- 13 What two religions are most widespread in Sri Lanka?
- 14 What is the religion of Sri Lanka?
What is the geographic location of Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon, island country lying in the Indian Ocean and separated from peninsular India by the Palk Strait. It is located between latitudes 5°55′ and 9°51′ N and longitudes 79°41′ and 81°53′ E and has a maximum length of 268 miles (432 km) and a maximum width of 139 miles (224 km).
What is the geographical features of Sri Lanka?
Three zones are distinguishable by elevation: the Central Highlands, the plains, and the coastal belt. The south-central part of Sri Lanka—the rugged Central Highlands—is the heart of the country. The core of this area is a high plateau, running north–south for approximately 65 kilometers.
How the location of Sri Lanka influences the climate?
Sri Lanka’s position between 5 and 10 north latitude endows the country with a warm climate, moderated by ocean winds and considerable moisture. The rainfall pattern is influenced by the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal and is marked by four seasons.
How many zones are there in Sri Lanka?
The island is traditionally divided into three climatic zones viz. ‘dry’, ‘intermediate’ and the ‘wet zone’ (Figure 1), based on seasonal rainfall.
What was old name of Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka’s government has decided to change the names of all state institutions still bearing the nation’s former British colonial name, Ceylon. The government wants the country’s modern name to be used instead. The decision comes 39 years after the country was renamed Sri Lanka.
Which type of island is Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka is a pear shaped island about 438km (272mi) long and about 225km (140mi) wide located in the Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka is approximately 645km (400mi) north of the Equator and is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait.
Why Sri Lanka is not part of India?
Sri Lanka was a separate crown colony from the British Raj since the end of the 18th century. Sri Lanka and Burma became seperately independent from India because they had become separate colonies.
What is special about Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka has two names that it’s also known as. The first is ‘pearl of the Indian Ocean ‘, this is said to be named after its incredible beauty, varied biodiversity (the highest in Asia!), as well as one of its main exports being precious gemstones.
What is the ethnic composition of Sri Lanka in points?
Sri Lanka has a diverse population. The Sinhalese community forms the majority of the population (74%) with Tamils (18%) who are mostly concentrated in the north and east of the island, forming the largest ethnic minority. Other communities include the Muslims. Among Tamils, there are two sub-groups.
What is the coolest place in Sri Lanka?
14 Best Places to Visit in Sri Lanka
- Colombo. Seema Malaka Temple, Beira Lake, Colombo.
- Kandy. Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic, Kandy.
- Udawalawe National Park. Family of elephants in Udawalawe National Park.
- Galle. Aerial view of Galle Fort.
- Hikkaduwa Beach.
- Galle Face Green.
- Yala National Park.
Does it get cold in Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka’s climate is tropical and consists of distinct wet and dry seasons. Generally speaking, the coastal areas of Sri Lanka enjoy temperatures averaging 28°C (82°F) while the upland areas are cooler and more temperate, with a yearly average around 16-20°C (60-68°F).
What is the coldest place in Sri Lanka?
Nuwara Eliya is known for its temperate, cool climate – the coolest area in Sri Lanka.
What two religions are most widespread in Sri Lanka?
Religion in Sri Lanka
- Buddhism (70.2%)
- Hinduism (12.2%)
- Islam (9.7%)
- Christianity (7.4%)
What is the religion of Sri Lanka?
Buddhism is the largest religion of Sri Lanka with 70.2% of the population practicing the religion; then, there are Hindus with 12.6%; Muslims with 9.7% and Christians with 7.4%. The census indicates that most Muslims are Sunni while the Christians are mainly Roman Catholic.